DJIBOUTI-CHINA BILATERAL RELATIONS

1. Political Relations

The Republic of Djibouti and the People’s Republic of China signed the communique for establishing the diplomatic relations on January 8th 1979.

The bilateral relations between the two countries progresses steadily and continuously, the friendly cooperation between China and Djibouti is developing in fortunate conditions and proves fruitful in various fields since the establishment of diplomatic relations on January 8th 1979.

Closely linked to the political level, the two countries have maintained exchanges of high level visits and frequent personal contacts. The two countries provide support and mutual assistance in the international affairs, forging a deep friendship and fruitful cooperation based on the principle of win-win for the greatest benefit of their peoples. The Republic of Djibouti adheres always to the principle of one China and supports the peaceful reunification of China.

Djibouti provides assistance and facilities to the Chinese Navy during its escort missions on the Gulf of Aden and Somali waters.


Bilateral visits of eminent personalities :

Important visits by Chinese officials to Djibouti are: Deputy Prime Minister Ji Pengfei (September 1980), Minister of Urban and Rural Construction Rui Xingwen (March 1985), Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Yang Fuchang (August 1990),Minister of Sports Wu Shaozu (June 1993), Deputy Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) Wang Zhaoguo (May 1994), Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Qian Qichen (January 1996), Deputy Minister of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation Yang Wensheng (1998), Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Ji Peiding (February 1999), Political Commissar of the Beijing Military Region Du Tiehuan (June 2002), Deputy Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress Xu Jialu (June 2006),Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Qiao Zonghuai(December 2002), Minister of Foreign Affairs Li Zhaoxing (January 2004) and Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Zhai Jun (2009).

His Excellency Hassan Gouled Aptidon, First President of the Republic of Djibouti has visited China many times (December 1979, March 1991, July 1994 and August 1998). His Excellency Mr. Ismail Omar Guelleh, President of the Republic has made ​​two official visits to China in 2001 and in July 2012 on the sidelines of the 5th Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation(FOCAC). This visit marks the commitment of both countries to raise their relationship to a Strategic Partnership. Also note that President Guelleh had attended the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation in November 2006.

To this end, the two countries signed an agreement in July 2012 for establishing the Joint Ministerial Commission to expand and deepen the economic and trade cooperation.

Former Prime Minister His Excellency Barkat Gourad Hamadou has made ​​an official visit in May 1999 and Prime Minister His Excellency Dileita Mohamed Dileita made ​​an official visit in 2005. He also attended the opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympic Games in August 2008.

The President of the National Assembly and Chief of General Staff Mr. Fathi Ahmed Housseinhas also made ​​official visits to China in February and July 2005.

Former Minister of Foreign Affairs His Excellency Mr. Ali Abdi Farah visited China in 2003 and the current Minister of Foreign Affairs His Excellency Mahmoud Ali Youssouf has meanwhile made ​​an official visit to China in December 2009.

Finally, the President of the National Assembly His Excellency Idriss Arnoud Ali visited China in July 2010 in his capacity as Secretary General of the RPP.

Many other Djiboutian Senior Officials have also made working visits to China in recent years such as the Minister of Health, the Minister of Education, the Minister of Employment, the Minister of Internal Affairs, the Minister of Economy and Finance, the Minister of Commerce,the Minister of Communication and Culture, the Minister of Youth and Sports ... etc..

In December 2012, the new Ambassador of the Republic of Djibouti in China, His Excellency Abdallah Abdillahi Miguil presented his Letters of Credence to President Hu Jintao.


2. Commercial Relations and Economic and Technological Cooperation

On the economic and commercial level, the two countries have signed agreements on economic and technical cooperation and trade arrangements. China has provided economic assistance to Djibouti since 1979 and has completed many construction projects such as the People’s Palace, the bronze monument of the Unknown Soldier, the Stadium Hassan Gouled, the Administration Building DFAIT, the new building of the CERD, the Diplomatic Institute, the Institute of DjiboutianArts, two sports complexes located in Tadjourah and Dikhil, the new hospital of Arta, two rural primary schools located respectively in Holl-Holl and Yoboki, the dialysis room of the Peltier General Hospital, etc..

In 2009, the volume of trade between the two countries reached 197 million US dollars, representing an increase of 55% over the same period of the previous year. The Chinese products exported to Djibouti are predominantly heavy equipment (port equipments, cranes), mechanical equipments, such as the production line for mineral water installed in Tadjoura, construction materials, automobiles, air conditioners and appliances.

In addition, more and more Djiboutian business men engage in trade with China. Many of them go to China each year to participate in Guangzhou fairs or other exhibitions and sales.

In the telecommunications sector, the governments of China and Djibouti signed a preferential loan in 2001 for a project of development of Djibouticommunications network with the cooperation between a Chinese company ZTE and Djibouti Telecom. Another Chinese company Huawei is also active on the market since 2005 to establish a mobile telecommunications network with the same partner Djibouti Telecom


3. Exchanges and Cooperation in Culture, Education and Health

China and Djibouti have led a friendly cooperation in the fields of culture, education and health. Since 1986, China started to provide scholarships for Djiboutian students. Currently, there are about 70 Djiboutian students of scholarship and approximately 200 private students studying in China.

In 2010, the Republic of Djibouti has participated actively in Shanghai World Expo by sending an important delegation headed by the Minister of Youth and Sports accompanied by an art troupe of nearly 30 persons who conducted the Djibouti Pavilion and the Africa Pavilion for 3 weeks.

Moreover, China began to send medical teams to Djibouti since 1980. At the moment, a Chinese medical team of 10 persons work in Djibouti and Arta.

Finally, due to the severe drought and the humanitarian crisis which has affected the region of the Horn of Africa in 2011, China has granted urgent humanitarian assistance of a total of 61 million yuans RMB.


4. Important Documents

Since May 1999, the two countries have signed over fifty most bilateral agreements relating to the implementation of social-economic projects. Each year, the two countries carry out for signature of a number of agreements or exchange of notes on economic cooperation and technical assistance.

  •  Joint communique on the establishment of the diplomatic relations between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Djibouti (January 1979).

  •  Agreement concerning the establishment of a mechanism for political consultations signed in China (August 2003)

  •  Agreement for reciprocal exemption of taxof a number of products on the markets of the two countries (2003)

  •     Agreement concerning the establishment of aneconomic and trade consultation mechanism between the two Ministries of Foreign Affairs (2006)

  •     Agreement on preferential tariffs between the two countries (2007)

  •  Agreement for establishing the Joint Ministerial Commission to expand and deepen the economic and trade cooperation (July 2012)